What is a Fiduciary Financial Advisor?
By Jack Waymire
Perhaps you have read about a new Department of Labor regulation that mandates anyone who provides financial advice and services for retirement assets must be a fiduciary financial advisor. Retirement assets include qualified plans (401ks) and IRAs.
What does this mean and how does it impact you?
According to Wikipedia, a fiduciary is a person who holds a legal or ethical relationship of trust with one or more other parties (person or group of persons). Typically, a fiduciary prudently takes care of money or other assets for another person.
A financial advisor is a person or firm that is registered as a Registered Investment Advisor (firm) or Investment Advisor Representative (professional). This registration enables them to provide financial advice and services for fees. A financial advisor who holds one of these registrations is a fiduciary. Salesmen who claim to be financial advisors do not hold this registration.
Fiduciary is the highest ethical standard in the financial service industry. Financial advisors, who are fiduciaries, are required to put their clients’ financial interests first. Salesmen, who masquerade as financial advisors, are held to a lower ethical standard called suitability. They are supposed to make suitable recommendations, but this vague standard is very difficult to enforce.
Selecting a financial advisor who is a fiduciary should be a simple task, but it is riskier than you might think for these five reasons:
Protect Your Interests
There are five easy rules that will help you select a fiduciary financial advisor.
#1. Obtain written acknowledgement that the advisor is acting in a fiduciary capacity when providing financial advice and services.
#2. Make sure the advisor is a Registered Investment Advisor or an Investment Advisor Representative. Ask for written verification.
#3. Make sure the advisor is compensated with one or more of the three types of fees: Hourly, fixed, or asset-based (% of assets).
#4. Make sure the advisor provides ongoing advice and services – for example performance measurement reports.
#5. Go to FINRA.org/BrokerCheck to verify the advisor’s licensing, registrations, and compliance record.
As stated in #1, get all of the information you require to make a selection decision in writing. When your future financial security is at stake, it pays to trust what you see and not what you hear. Verbal information is usually a sales pitch that is designed to impress you. Documented information is more reliable because you have a permanent record.
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By Tim Baker, CFP®
Advice and investment design should rely on long term, proven evidence. This column is dedicated to helping investors across the country, from all walks of life to understand the benefits of disciplined investing and the importance of planning.